It’s estimated that 14.2 billion miles of road testing will be required as cars reach levels 4 and 5 autonomy. Hence, some engineers argue that this is impractical and that traditional ways of testing simpler electronics using physical road testing simply will not scale. Enter the Digital Twin. The Digital Twin sets out to virtually model the complete development of these complex systems such that they can be architected, designed and tested 100% digitally before any physical hardware is created. The promise is that this will shift-left development cycles, increase quality and reduce development costs. But can a Digital Twin accurately and effectively represent an entire autonomous car to eliminate the old ways of physical validation—particularly with emerging safety requirements (ISO26262), as well as the emergence of artificial intelligence as controls? This panel of experienced technical experts will debate the pros and cons of realizing the automotive Digital Twin.