The transformation that automobiles are going through with ADAS (advanced driver assistance systems) and autonomous vehicle systems in just the last 3 to 4 years is so radical compared to what happened to the vehicle technology in the last 50 years. It is simply not an option for an autonomous vehicle system to abruptly relinquish control and expect a human driver to safely take over, thereby driving the stakes for safety sky-high. The buck stops with the system on chip (SoC) that orchestrates the autonomous driving capability of the vehicle, forcing the need to bring in a variety of data types from camera, lidar, and radar requires a heterogeneous set of processing elements on-chip. To quickly and accurately process the data and take actions that ensure safety for everyone involved safety and reliability have to be designed in.